If your gums are red and swollen it could be a sign of gingivitis, an early stage of gum disease. Gum disease is a leading cause of tooth loss, but it is treatable at Rotem Dental Care in Toms River.
Gum disease is progressive. Gingivitis develops when plaque is not adequately removed from your teeth. You remove it by brushing and flossing.
The good news is that gingivitis is easily reversible. If you’re diagnosed with it, you need to step up your brushing and flossing, and get a professional cleaning by a dental hygienist.
Advanced gum disease is called periodontitis, and develops when gingivitis is not treated. Toxins build up in the plaque on your teeth and invade gum tissue. Not only that, it gets into the bone and ligaments that support the teeth. The teeth can actually become loose.
Severe cases may require surgery, but first is a non-surgical treatment called scaling and root planing, or SRP. We scrape plaque and tartar off the surfaces of your teeth and root surfaces. From there, any roughness on the roots is smoothed to prevent bacteria from accumulating.
It usually takes more than one dental appointment to complete SRP. But once it’s over, the gums will heal and reattach to the teeth. After a few weeks we’ll evaluate the procedure to determine whether additional treatment is necessary.
All of this can be avoided with proper dental care. Like we always say, we want our patients to brush and floss twice a day to maintain their dental health.
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